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积极应对传统村落“空心化”问题
发表日期:2019年9月26日      来源:中国社会科学网      作者:项江涛


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开幕式现场观众 主办方供图

  中国社会科学网讯(记者 项江涛)9月24日,为期2天的“乡关何处·传统村落‘空心化’问题及其对策国际学术研讨会”在天津大学冯骥才文学艺术研究院召开。海内外专家学者以及来自传统村落基层的众多?;すぷ魅嗽?、志愿者、村民代表近百人,凭借对文化的自觉担当齐聚一堂,直面时代的挑战,为面临“空心化”问题的传统村落研究实际、有效、可行的对策,为使传统村落得到真正的?;?、传承与发展贡献力量。

  此次研讨会所针对的并非所有的村落,而是纳入国家?;ぬ逑档摹按炒迓洹?。自2012年以来,由国家住建部牵头、多部委参加并甄选的“中国传统村落”?;っ?,至今已评选出6800多个传统村落。它们都具有重要的历史文化价值和鲜明的地域民族特色,是国家确定必需?;さ呐└贝丛斓睦凡聘坏奈拿饕挪?,是中华民族根性的家园。国家高度重视传统村落的?;?、传承与发展。传统村落的价值之宝贵,?;?、传承和发展之必要,也已经成为社会的共识。然而,仍有很多传统村落正在“空心化”,有的甚至接近消失。实际上,村落的“空心化”是一个世界性的问题,是人类现代化进程中的历史必然,也是当下正在发生的现实。中国近四十年来的高速发展,又使得这个问题来得尤为突然、快速、猝不及防。

  传统村落是农耕文明重要的文化遗存,对面临“空心化”问题的传统村落,不能坐视不理,任其消失。学界有责任直面时代的挑战,在田野调查的基础上深入研究,寻找传统村落“空心化”的根由,提出切实有效、具有可行性的对策,帮助政府制定科学的?;ご胧┖吐涫捣桨?。

  前不久习近平总书记在河南调研时,对如何建好传统村落提出了明确的方向和指示。如不要大拆大建,要注意保持地域风格,改善农民生活设施与良好的生活环境等。如何理解总书记讲话的科学内涵,怎样将这一重要指示落到实处,使传统村落获得真正的?;?、传承与发展,正是此次研讨会的目的。

  天津大学冯骥才文学艺术研究院下设的中国传统村落?;び敕⒄寡芯恐行?,多年来致力于传统村落的调查研究和?;?。以山西省阳泉市盂县梁家寨乡大汖村为范本的传统村落“空心化”研究,是该中心近几年来的研究重点。大汖村2013年入选第二批“中国传统村落”。研讨会期间,中心发布了近期成果《大汖村志》《大汖村最后十三人》两本书,并推出专题展览“大汖村——一个将要消失的古村落”。

  研讨会上,日本、韩国、法国、意大利、俄罗斯等多国学者,介绍了各自国家经历的村落“空心化”情况及应对方法和经验。全国各地致力于传统村落?;ず脱芯康难д呙?,结合在不同地区的田野调查中发现的实际问题,展开热烈的讨论?;褂行矶啻炒迓浠愎ぷ髡?、志愿者和村民代表前来参会,认真聆听专家们的研讨,并与学界积极交流沟通,以期为自己的家园谋求一条生路。

  本次会议由天津大学、中国民间文艺家协会主办,天津大学冯骥才文学艺术研究院、中国传统村落?;び敕⒄寡芯恐行男?。

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